Determinant of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Utilization among Youth in Jijiga Town, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Although VCT service is increasingly available in Ethiopia, there is still great reluctance for youth to be tested. There are several possible contributing factors that must be addressed if VCT is to have an important role in HIV prevention and care. The study was conducted from August 2003 to May 2004 to identify factors influencing use of VCT service among 15-24 years old age group in Jijiga town using quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. The study design is unmatched case-control, where the cases are HIV tested and controls are untested youth. A total of 242 tested and 484 untested youth were included in the study. Of all the socio-demographic and sexual history variables, being female, older youth, educational level of secondary and above grade and sexually active youth were more likely to be tested [AOR (95% CI)=1.52(1.03,2.23)], [AOR (95% CI)=1.93 (1.30,2.87)],[AOR (95% CI)=2.29 (1.03,5.11)], [AOR (95% CI)=2.23(1.42,3.52)], respectively. The main reason for VCT utilization was to know self (61.6%) and have not had HIV test yet because they afraid to get the result. Based on the finding, advocating HIV VCT with proper IEC activities through mass media and peer education for youth in general and male, illiterate, young and not sexually active youth in particular need to be addressed by involving all stakeholders and using local resources, improving training, testing equipment, condom promotion, STI treatment, supervision, referral system, feedback and network are recommended.



VCT service