Analysis of Supply Chain of Fertilizers in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


This study analyzes the supply chain of fertilizers in Ethiopia by assessing the major stakeholders in the country. This study investigated whether fertilizer is delivered to farmers in an efficient way, at the lowest possible costs and in an effective way, with shortest lead time. The researcher employed analytical approach of research design named supply chain analysis which comprises supply chain mapping and measuring chain performance. The study relied on secondary data articles, books, publications and stakeholders records as well as primary data collected from actors of supply chain of fertilizers right from importer up to farmers. Both qualitative and quantitative data interpreted using narrations, tables, graphs, charts, descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The thesis addressed major stakeholders and map out what the supply chain of fertilizers looks like; the study also finds out the lack of integration an d communication among stakeholders, inefficient supply chain in terms of high cost of fertilizers, ineffective supply chain in terms of longer lead time, little involvement of farmers in demand estimation, mismatch between quantity supplied and demanded. Ultimately, recommendation provided for policy improvement from government side and capacity and capability change from supply chain stakeholders including Agricultural Input Supply Enterprise, Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Service Enterprise, Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority and transport companies and that at the end could add knowledge in the area and be also an insight for other researchers to undertake further researches and contribute for efficient and effective supply chain of fertilizers in Ethiopia. Key words: supply chain, fertilizer, monopoly, cooperatives, Ethiopia



Supply chain, Fertilizer, Monopoly, Cooperatives, Ethiopia