Practices and Challenges of Outcome-Based Training in Selected Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institutions: the Case of Institutions in Arsi ZONE

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Addis Ababa University


The Ethiopian TV ~ T system, in line with many modern TVET systems worldwide is organized as an outcome-based system. To this end identified competences needed in the labor mark t will become the final benchmark of training and learning, and that all in titutions rules and regulations of the TV T system defined so that they support trainees to become competent. However the intended goal could not be attained without the fulfillment of required resources (human and physical). Therefore, it has become indispensable to conduct a research under the title 'Practices and Challenges of Outcome-based Training in lected Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institutions: the Case of Institutions in Arsi Zone'. Athlet Kenenisa Bekele TVET College and Asella TVET Institute were selected for the study based on stratified sampling technique. The subjects of the study were two Deans/Directors, two training process owners, 44 trainers and 178 trainees, and they were s lected based on purposive quota and random sampling techniques as appropriate. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of OBT in public TVET in titutions. For the execution of this study, descriptive survey method was employed. In this endeavor data were collected through questionnaires, interview, observation, and document analysis. Questionnaires were distributed to simple randomly selected trainees from each considered departments and trainers. Interviews were conducted with deans directors and training process owners. For data analysis statistical tools such as percentage mean value and chi-square were used. The study revealed that the competence and fitness of the trainers were low; the adequacies of workshop /Iaboratory including training materials and equipment for OBT were inadequate. Accordingly, there was no adequate training up to the predefined performances stated in EOS. Moreover, there was lack of on-job training on difficult unit of competences within Occupational Standard. Real work place/situation, the major important unit of OBT to provide practical training was missing. Finally, in light of the major findings of this study and conclusions made, recommendations are forwarded in order to improve OBT



Outcome ;Based Training