Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice and Associated Factors In Performing CPR among Medical Interns of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital And Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Addis Abeba University


Background Cardiopulmonary arrest is a major public health problem. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important life-saving technique, consisting of chest compression and rescue breathing and used to treat victims of cardiopulmonary arrest by helping to maintain oxygenated blood circulation in the body. The chance of survival after cardiopulmonary arrest may be increased with quality CPR that mainly depends on the sufficiency of the knowledge, attitude and skill/practice of health professionals who deliver the CPR. Therefore assessing the knowledge attitude and practice and associated factors among medical interns of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital and Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College in performing CPR is important as they manage many trauma and critically ill patients. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted from March 2020 to July 2020, among 169 medical interns of TASH and 49 medical interns of YHMC. Structured questionnaires of 2020 American health association guidelines for CPR and basic life support (BLS) Practice Test of National Health Care Provider Solutions of 28 questions were used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice and associated factors in performing CPR among study participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: The mean for knowledge score of TASH and YHMC medical interns were 6.36 + 1.77 (49.00%) and 6.51 + 1.72 (49.83%) respectively whereas the mean for the practice score of TASH medical interns was 5.49 + 1.57 (55.10%) while that of YHMC medical interns was 4.86 + 1.55 (47.91%).This is statistically not significant as P-value is greater than 0.05. Factors like institutions where they were training internship, having formal lectures, role plays, practices and learning from guidelines, MICU/PICU/ER attachments, age & sex of the study participants, had significant association with CPR practice among medical interns in the study area. Conclusions: This study identified that the knowledge and practice score of CPR which is poor in both schools’ medical interns and significantly associated with lectures, role plays, practices guidelines, MICU/PICU/ER attachments and age and sex, even though they have positive and good attitude towards it. Structured CPR training should be part of the curriculum to solve this issue.



Cardiac arrest, BLS, CPR, Medical intern