The Relationship between Perceived Parental Behaviors and Adolescents' Self- Esteem among Adolescents at Four Schools in East and West Wollega Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The mam purpose of this study was to examme the relationships between perceived parental behaviors (perceived parental monitoring, parental involvement, parental support, and parental punitiveness) and adolescents' self esteem. To this end, a questionnaire that consisted of 72 items was administered to 303 adolescents, 118 girls and 185 boys whose ages ranged between 14 and 22 years old, selected from four general secondary and preparatory schools found in East and West Wollega Zones of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. The questionnaire administered consisted of three parts: the first part consisted of 12 items that were used to tap socio--demographic characteristics of the participants, the second part consisted of 25 items that were used to tap participants' perceptions of parental behaviors and the third part consisted of 35 items that were used to quantify participants' self esteem. Analys is of the data obtained from 303 participants using Pearson Product Moment correlation, Biserial, Point- biserial, and Partial correlations revealed that perceived parental monitoring, parental involvement, and parental support were positively related to adolescents' self esteem, while perceived parental punitiveness was negatively related to adolescents' self esteem. All the relations hips revealed were statistically significant at 0.01 level of significance. Results of the study were in the directions hypothesized and found to support findings of previous studies conducted in other countries/ cultures . The implication of the study is that parents should involve in their adolescents' lives, monitor them adequately, provide them with necessary emotional support and minimize (or avoid) corporal punishment and all forms of behaviors or actions that communicate punitiveness



Relationship between Perceived Parental Behaviors