Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness among Rural Women of Reproductive Age in Abeshige Woreda, Guraghe Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Every pregnant woman is at risk of pregnancy complications which are unpredictable and can lead to maternal and neonatal morbidity or mortality. Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a tool that promotes utilization of maternal health services there by improving maternal and neonatal survival. Objective: To assess the current level of practice regarding BPCR and associated factor among rural women of reproductive age at community level in Abeshige woreda guraghe zone SNNPR Ethiopia. Method: Community-based cross-sectional study supplemented by qualitative design was conducted from February to march 2015. A total of 454 women from 8 kebeles were selected after proportionally allocated to population size and interviewed using structured and semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaires. Qualitative data also collected from purposely selected members of the community by using open ended questionnaires .Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS and associations were determined using regression analysis. Qualitative data on the other hand were analyzed in line of study objective manually. Results: In This study about 37.2% of the respondents were prepared for birth and its complications. BPCR was lower among mothers who were farmer (AOR= 0.50, 95% CI:0.28, 0.91).However, BPCR was higher among Women who live with in one hour walk from health center (AOR =3.51, 95% CI:1.78,36.79),Women who had awareness on danger signs of pregnancy (AOR=1.72, 95% CI=1.78, 2.94) and on danger signs of postpartum (AOR=2.32, 95% CI: 1.32, 4.21).Source of information about BPCR from health extension worker and mother’s one to five network (AOR=2.81, 95% CI:1.34, 6.21) and (AOR=2.52, 95% CI=1.17, 5.54) respectively also had significant association with BPCR. Conclusion: This study revealed practice of BPCR was low (37.2%) due to; access to health facility, awareness on danger signs of obstetric complication, and health information related factors. Based on this finding; enhancing women awareness about obstetric danger signs through repeated sensitization, strengthening BPCR information netwok at grass root level and better acces to health facility help to improve practice of BPCR.



Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness among Rural