Assessment of Respiratory Symptoms and Associated Factors among Solid Waste Collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Respiratory disease symptoms are a public health challenge in both industrialized and developing countries. Respiratory symptoms are more prevalent in solid waste collectors of developing countries, where occupational health and safety issues are less emphasized. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated factors affecting respiratory symptoms among solid waste collectors in Yeka sub city. Methods: cross sectional study was conducted among 518 study participants. Data were collected through interviewer administered structured questions derived from British Medical Research Council (BMRC) adult respiratory symptom assessment questions and observational check lists. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify predictor variables which have association with chronic respiratory symptoms and finally the variables which had significant association were identified on the basis of Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95 % Confidence Interval (CI). Results: The prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms among solid waste collectors was 40.7 %, with Prevalence of cough 35.7%, wheezing 21.2 %, phlegm 44 %, breathlessness 29.2 %, wheezing 21.2 % and chest illness 7.3%. Respiratory symptoms were associated with use of respiratory facemask on duty [AOR=2; 95% CI :( 1.1-4)], sleeping disorder [AOR=2.6; 95% CI :( 1.5-4.42)] and past illness [AOR=4.8; 95%CI :( 3.2-7.22)] Conclusion:respiratory symptoms were prevalent among solid waste collectors in Yeka sub city, Addis Ababa. Use of respiratory equipment on duty, sleeping disorder and past illness were identified factors



Respiratory Disease Symptoms