Knowledge, Attitude towards Practicing of Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing and The Determinants of VCT Uptake: A Case Study in Debrebirhan Teachers Training College

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Addis Abeba university


HIV/AIDS is highly affecting the young and economically active segment of the population. Effective behavioral change communication (BCC) strategies need to be designed to rescue the future development force of the nation. Determination of the knowledge and attitude underlying the safe and unsafe behavior is instrumental in facilitating the behavioral change by keeping the leverage of efforts focused to the relevant areas. This study therefore, assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practice of Debre-Birhan Teachers Training College Students about Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing. Data on knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary counselling, and testing, and socio-demographic variables like age, sex ….etc of students were collected using a structured self administered Amharic version questionnaire. Prior to data collection mass and individual consent was obtained after thorough explanations of the procedure. The data were cleaned, edited and entered into a computer and analyzed by the binary logistic regression model and chi-square one-at-a time association with the application of SPSS for windows version 13.0. A number of potential variables for inclusion in the binary and multivariate analyses are identified. Statistical tests at 0.05 level of significance were employed wherever appropriate. The study showed that overall 192 (82.40%) of the respondents have good knowledge and over 168 (75.68%) have favorable attitude towards Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing (VCT). Almost 82 (35.19%) of the respondents have taken VCT practically. The majority of respondents 214 (91.85%) did not perceive themselves at risk of HIV infection even if they are indulged in unsafe sexual practice. This paper also seeks to identify the major determinants/factors that motivates students to voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) and to examine how these determinants are associated with VC. The results suggest that Attitude towards VCT, knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention, knowledge of VCT are the only important factors significantly affecting student’s practice of HIV testing (VCT) whereas perceived confidentiality of VCT service and site consider as a barrier in VCT uptake of students



HIV Counseling