Problem of Occupational Safety and Health and Their Impact on Development the Case of Nifas Silk Lafto Sub City Industrial Zone

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Addis Ababa University


There are various reasons for the poor occupational safety situation in developing countries: Such as use of out-dated machinery, poor maintenance and little safety guarding of machinery, inadequate training of workers; poor design of equipment and workstations; and lack of personal protective equipment. The objective of the study to identifY the problems of occupational safety and health in manufacturing industries according to Ethiopian labor law; the case ofNifas silk Lafto sub city industrial zone. Using random sampling technique, 100 questionnaires were distributed to factory worker eighty six were retrieved, ten factory manager were interviewed and one hundred thirty five inspector report were reviewed and summarize. The result from the questionnaire that 71 % of the respondents claimed that they have low level of awareness about occupational safety and health and the Ethiopian labor law and 65% of them described their knowledge on the issue of occupational safety and health is low which implies that most workers do not have a clear picture about the law enforcement about employee/employer relation as well as different safety measures and this limits the workers from working safely and also from getting the right compensation and benefit from their organization. Increased rate of work related injury was observed. Preventive measures concerning functional occupational health and safety programs are essential to safeguard { the health and safety condition of workforce



poor occupational safety situation