Tense, Aspect and Mood in Kastananna

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Addis Ababa University


This thesis is concerned with the tense, aspect and mood system of Kastanafiiia. Kastanafiiia is an Ehtio-Semitic language. Kastanafiiia verbs employ various consonantal and vowel patterning to express the grammatical categories aspect and mood. Kastanafiiia verbs show a clear aspectual distinction between perfective and imperfective aspects. The variation is indicated by the morphological shape of the verb bases and agreement markers. In addition to aspect, Kastananna can distinguish between past and non-past tense. Tense, as a grammatical category, can only be indicated in the perfect, in prospective aktionsart and in the imperfective aspect In the perfective aspect there is no special marker for tense. In Kastananna, a perfect is formed by attaching the converb marker -m to a verb in the perfective aspect Kastananna has a periphrastic construction which denotes specific temporal readings of a situation. There are two morphologically recognized mood categories, namely the imperative and the jussive. The imperative and jussive of triradical verbs have an identical pattem However, affirmative imperative and jussive can be distinguished by different subject markers. Kastanafiiia, like the other Northern Gurage languages, distinguishes affirmative main-clause verbs in the indicative mood from subordinate, negative and non-indicative verbs by means of morphological main verb markers. The main verb markers encompass a set of suffixes, which are morphosyntactic conditioned.



Tense Aspect