Local development plan and urban sustainability issues in the Kaza-inchis area of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababauniversity


Urban renewal is a process of remodeling older parts of urban areas, including their central business areas, by means of rehabilitation and conservation as well as redevelopment. It is also the displacement of an existing low-income population, creating space for more profitable office, commercial and luxury residential development or the provision of transport facilities. The emphasis is on those parts of the urban area which have fallen below current standards of public acceptability (commonly termed as slums). These are usually to be found in the residential parts of the inner city and in the central business district itself. As a result the first Kaza-inchis Renewal Project was launched in 1998 to clear and redevelop the city’s central area slums. The selection of the site was based on the fact that the area had less urban complexity and density than the other parts of the CBD. The kaza-Inchis has been reviewed changed in order to harmonize it with the newly developed structure plan. In light of this, a new planning concept, objective and vision are set as a foundation for the preparation of the 2002 LDP for the area. This thesis paper is the pioneer research clearly shows the planning and implementation issues of the different local developments plans proposed for the Kaza-inchis area. The type of methodology used to conduct the research is a comparative study method. This method is employed at both the qualitative and empirical levels. The study analyzed the process of planning of the urban redevelopment project, using the Kaza-inchis area LDP project as a study area. Qualitative research is done to investigate the quality of the LDP study. Comparison is made between the 1998 Kaza-inchis LDP, the 2002 Kaza-inchis LDP and the implemented plan. The qualitative case study includes the nature and character of the 1998 and the 2002 Kaza-inchis LDP in particular. How the area was chosen for redevelopment, what the initial and other subsequent studies suggested for the area and the processes and nature in which land preparation and delivery for redevelopment is undertaken. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from primary data sources through in-depth field observation and image interpretation; and The secondary source of data includes books and academic and non- academic literature from published and unpublished literature in various public institutions secondary data was collected from different government organization, policy and program documents, local research documents, journals and variety of spatial data were collected. With the aid of the above mentioned methodologies, the Kaza-inchis area LDPs are packed with problems such asphysical and environmental impacts due to problems associated with qualities of plans, Absence of participatory approach,Lack of Strategic Focus, Prioritization and Action, Resettlement, Unclear Institutional Hierarchy and Lack of project administration were some of the major findings found for the sustainable urban implementation of the Kaza-inchis LDP.Finally, possible recommendations were proposed in order to achieve a sustainable local development plans. Keyword: - Urban renewal, Local development plan, Urban sustainability



Urban renewal: Local development plan: Urban sustainability