Factors Affecting the Quality of TVET Programs: The Case of Four Public TVET Colleges in Addis Ababa City Administration

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Addis Ababa University


The main aim of this study was to investigate the factors that affect the quality of technical and vocational education and training in selected public institutions of Addis Ababa city. Accordingly, it tried to look into the different factors related to management, resource and, training aspects of the TVET institutions. The sample population used in the study consisted of 60 trainers, 295 trainees, four department heads and 2 top management officials. Both the trainers and trainees were first selected on the basis of department and occupational area respectively by using stratified sampling. Then the sample population was taken from among these by employing simple random sampling method proportionately. The two top management officials were purposively selected; still purposive sampling was employed to select four department heads because of their dependability due to the positions they hold. All in all, there were 361 respondents. The frequency count and percentages were the statistical methods used in analyzing data. Different inputs of training (facilities, materials, and services) are below the studied. The facilities in most cases were important in TVET training are assessed. Because of this and other reasons like the trainers’ being inexperienced and with lower qualification, the inefficiency of the leadership to properly conduct supervisory activities and provide supportive and timely feedback, the training process is being carried out are studied. From the findings conclusions were made that the institutions are not in a position to achieve the objectives stated in the Ethiopian National TVET Strategy. Therefore, in order to alleviate the problems associated with human and non-human inputs of training, it is recommended that the Ministry of Education and the regional TVET bureau should devise ways of securing competent TVET training staff and search for additional inputs in order to lessen the existing severe problems with regard to such as interests, motivations, assessments, equipment and facilities, etc, by regularly involving all concerned bodies including influential individuals, governmental, and non-governmental organizations