Assessment of Occupational Health Risks, Outcomes and Associated Factors among Floriculture Farm Workers, East Showa, Oromia Region

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background : Floriculture industry is a new agro-industry activity in Ethiopia. The expansion and growth of the industry magnified the economic significance of the sector, but the social and health implication of the sector was not given due attention. Objectives: This study aimed to assess occupational health risks, health outcomes and associated factors among floriculture farm workers, in East Showa Zone , Oromia Region. Methods : A mixed method research was conducted combining both quantitative survey & qualitative research methods from December 01,2012 to March 15, 2013. For the survey, 331 workers from four floriculture farms of the surrounding areas of Bishoftu town were selected using purposive sampling method based on proximity of farms from Addis Ababa. Data were collected through pre-tested structured questionnaire, key informant interview and working environmental check list. The qualitative data were coded and categorized using Open Code 3.6 software and analyzed using content analysis. The quantitative data were entered by using EPI Info version 3.5.1 and analyzed using SPSS and results were presented in tables and figures and odds ratio (OR) was taken as a measure of effect with 95% confidence interval to assess the level of significance. Ethical clearance was obtained from the School of Public Health Research and Ethics Committee and interviews were conducted after an informed consent. Result: Three hundred thirty workers participated in this study where 249(75.6%) of the workers had primary education or below. Two hundred seventy eight workers (84.24%) had at least one sign of occupational health symptoms. The most prevalent occupational health symptoms were fatigue 260(79.3%) followed by musculoskeletal health problems 209(63.3%), headache 193(58.7%), skin problems 189(57.3%), respiratory problems 148(45.5%), dizziness 86(26.2%), sleepiness 78(23.6%), kidney problem 77(23.3%), fainting 45(14%) and reproductive problems 10(3.4%). ix There was no job safety training given for workers at employment. This study found that workers who work as sprayers [AOR = 6.6, 95% CI (1.11-39.19)] had higher risk of occupational health symptoms and workers who were not satisfied by their job were less likely [AOR = 0.11, 95% CI (0.03-0.43)] to have had those disease symptoms. Conclusion: There were inadequate health and safety provisions such as health and safety education programs, personal protective equipments, health and safety instructions and first aid facilities, which make the workers at risk of occupational hazards. Pre-employment and periodic medical checkup, regular work area supervision, adequate supply of personal protective equipment, pre-employment and on-job health & safety training and use of Integrated Pest Management are recommended.



Assessment of Occupational Health Risks, Outcomes and Associated Factors among Floriculture