Kap Study in Harar Town High School Students on Family Planning

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Addis Ababa University


In Ethiopia, there is no reliable information about sexual behaviours and contraception usage of adolescent students. The incidence of morbidity and mortality of young female students due to induced abortion of unwanted pregnancy is increasing. This is a cross sectional study which was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of high school students in Harar town toward family planning. A total of 1674 students from 11th and 12th grades aged between 15 and 26 years were interviewed by means of self administered anonymous questionnaires. The respondents were 887(52.9%) males and 787 (47.1%) females. The major finding of the study were that 20% of females and 65% of the males admitted to having had sexual intercourse. The average score of knowledge and attitude items about FP was 8.3 out of 13 and 7.3 points out of 10 respectively. Among those who had sexual intercourse, 60.3% of the females and 67.1% of the males reported that they knew at least one type of contraceptive methods. Of the sexually active females, 59.6% were using one of the contraceptive methods. However, the majority (76.3%) were using the calender method and only 19.4% said they used birth control pills or condoms. One fifth of the male respondents (20.0%) used condoms. A total of 21.8% of females who are sexually experienced have been pregnant, and 55.9% of them have terminated the pregnancy by means of induced abortion. The main source of CM information was mass media (31.3%) followed by school (24.2%). (53.3%) have an intention to future. The majority (93.7%) More than half of the respondents use contraceptive methods in the of the respondents approved the provision of information in school about contraception and STDs. In our findings the knowledge of the students was modest and the practice of contraceptive utilization was low. This information can be used in planning family life education programs.



Kap Study in Harar