Female Participation in Primary and Secondary Education Post - 1974 Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The major objectives vestigation primary into the problem of female participation and secondary education of their participation target described school-age in the ten Ministry population of Education thermore,unit leaders formation were of the enrolment plan. To on school enrolment and gathered from and Central Statistics documents Office. was distributed schools directors, toFur-530 pri- of assistant directors, heads and teachers to gather on factors that have contributed to low in- female in education. According ship between to the findings of the study, the relation- female participation in education the number of females enrolled schools age group) in and the effect perspective information department participation condary year formal questionnaire mary and secondary post-1974 on the achievement attain these objectives dividing of this study are to make an in- and in primary and se- to a total female population overall educational (obtained by of eligible participation rate (obtained by dividing a total number of pupils enrolled at primary and secondary levels to a total population eligible age group) are found to be positive (r = 0.95) at 1% level of significance. Administrative and of strong Furthermore, the regions that have higher female participat- ion rate than the national average do not have a problem n achieving the enrolment target described year perspective in the plan, while those that have lower ten female.. participation problem rate than in achieving the national the enrolment average target. have a The administrat- ive regions that have higher female participation rate than the national Bale, Arsi and Wellega average were Addis Ababa, Illubabor, while Eritrea rate. Participation of regional and Tigray have the least female Yet, there is no identified variation in female participation pattern in educ- ation. The participation level of female is higher at the primary than at junior and senior secondary different schools reasons levels due to including the availability than the junior and senior secondary low pass rate in grade six and eight National low females' persistent of more primary schools, females' Examininations, rate and cultural pressure for early marriage.Furthermore, ents' illiteracy, ents demand participation lack of exposure to modern outlook, or their daughters'for early marriage the educatedthe findings of the study show that par-par-labour, cultural pressure and narrow employment opportunities for females are the major reasons for low female in primary and secondary education.



Female Participation, In Primary Post