Factors Affecting Dekoko (Pisum Sativum Var. Abyssinicum) Production, Distribution Channel and Its Implication to Household Food Security in Northeastern Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Dekoko is a unique crop cultivated in Ethiopia and highly appreciated by its taste and high market value. However, currently the production is decline and the distribution is limited as well. The objective of the research is to examine factors affecting dekoko production and distribution channel and its implication to household food security in Northeastern Ethiopia. For this study, twenty one kebeles were selected by using stratified sampling technique and 288 respondents were sampled. Both descriptive and econometrics analysis were employed. In order to evaluate household food security household food balance model and household dietary diversity scores were employed. Multiple liner regression model was used to determine factors affecting dekoko production, whereas multi-nominal logistic regression was used to assess market channel choice decision. In addition, ordered econometric analysis was used to categorize and determine factors affecting household food security status. Results of descriptive analysis showed dekoko producers as compared with non-producers are characterized by having better wealth status, farmer status, participate in extension program, access to credit, younger age, irrigation and fertilizer. The result of household food balance model shows that dekoko producers were food secured as compared to non-producer. The dietary diversity results also indicate that there is a significant mean difference between the two groups in main food group. The multiple liner regression result revealed that age, family size, fertilizer use, household farm status, wealth status, education and total land size positively affect dekoko production, while participation in off-farm activity affects negatively. Finally, multinomial logistic regression indicates that family size, access to credit, off-farm activity, and livestock ownership are found to be affecting the extent of market channel choice decision negatively. The study concludes that producing dekoko has remarkable effect on the household food security status. Based on the finding of this study, it is recommended that improving farmer‟s awareness and perception through training, strengthening development agents capacity, introducing different improved dekoko variety with reasonable cost, continuous follow-up, improvement in input supply, strengthening market linkage and interventions are crucial to deal with constraints related to dekoko production and distribution



Dekoko, Food Security, Market channel, Household Food Balance Model, Multinomial Logit Mode, Northeastern Ethiopia