Essays on Roads, Poverty, and Subjective Well-being in Ethiopia

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Poverty is the most pressing and unresolved economic problem in the world. Trying to combat it is natural since its existence embodies the diminution of human capabilities. But what is poverty and how do we identify the poor and the non-poor? What are the extent and trends of poverty? What are the profound effects that roads have on the level and distribution of households’ poverty? How do different measurements of well-being relate to each other in terms of conveying policy implications? This dissertation asks and answers these questions in the context of Ethiopia drawing from Malthusian, welfare, and behavioral definitions of well-being. The dissertation is a composition of three standalone papers. Chapter 1 gives an introduction highlighting the structure, role, and common themes of all the papers. Chapter 2 presents the first paper that analyzes the effects of rural roads on consumption poverty. Chapter 3 covers the second paper that assesses the impact of trunk roads on multidimensional poverty. Chapter 4 gives the third paper that focuses on identifying the effects of multidimensional deprivation on subjective well-being



Consumptive poverty, Multidimensional poverty