Factors Affecting The Current Use Of Ict In Public And Private Secondary Schools In Gulele Sub-City, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The main objective of this study is to investigate factors affecting the current use of ICTs in public and private selected secondary schools in the Gulele sub-city, Addis Ababa. The objectives of the study were: to review the literature on issues affecting usage of ICTs in the teaching-learning processes in high schools and best practices from countries similar to Ethiopia, to explore current usage of ICTs in the teaching-learning process, to assess challenges encountered in using ICTs in the teaching- learning process, to identify factors that enable or hinder the usage of ICTs in secondary schools, and to put forward recommendations to improve the current usage of ICTs in the studied secondary schools. The use of ICTs have become a major driving force in transforming the education system throughout the world. The usage of ICTs in Ethiopia has also increased from time to time. In this paper, a literature review regarding the challenges that affect the current use of ICTs in education was provided. The researcher used a descriptive survey research design in this study. The targeted population was 1669 teachers and students within the two secondary schools in the Gulele sub-city. Purposive sampling followed by random sampling was used to select 28 teachers, 473 students, 2 school directors and 2 ICTs experts from the 2 purposively selected schools because mainly the study targeted schools that had used some computers and internet for either administrative or teaching and learning purposes. Data was collected using questionnaires, interview and observation. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Descriptive statistics was used to present the results of the study this involved tabular, frequency, percentage, and the qualitative data were analyzed in a narrative way. The study findings revealed that inadequate number of computers, power supply interruption, slow internet connection or access, lack of time or limited to time to use ICTs, workload of teachers, lack of technical support (lab technician), the incentives given by the government, lack of training, lack of ICTs policies and strategic plan. Even though teachers supported the use of ICTs in teaching, but, majority of the teachers (mathematics, English and history) rarely used ICTs except chalk and blackboard. The results of this research suggest the government should ensure reliable power supply in all schools, trainings should be given for teachers and students, all ICTs tools should be available in the computer lab, school administration should familiarize themselves with national ICTs policies to develop school ICTs policy and strategic plan etc.



ICTs; ICT usage; factor; public and private secondary schools.