The Role of Small and Micro Enterprises on the Livelihood of Poor Women Entrepreneurs in Urban Locality of Addis Ababa:The Case of Woreda 8 of Yeka Sub-City

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Addis Ababa University


The role of micro and small scale enterprises (MSEs) in poverty alleviation is widely recognized throughout the world , particularly in developing nations like Ethiopia. Different scholars examines that MSEs programs have an explicit potential that intends to improve the livelihoods of many people through employment creation and income generation, especially for women. Nevertheless several studies have been conducted so far on the importance of MSEs, the role of MSEs to improve poor women’s life Still remains an issue to be addressed. The central objective of the study is to probe the role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprise on the livelihood of Poor Women Entrepreneurs based on qualitative approach. The research was conducted in Yeka Sub-City in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with the overall aim of assessing livelihoods situation of MSE operators specifically by examining issues related to livelihood outcomes of working in MSEs. Beside this, the study tries to assess the constraints and problems that women entrepreneurs face during the operation of the enterprise. With the above objectives in mind, the research is carried out by gathering primary data via semi- structured interviews, key-informant interviews, focused group discussion, and non-participant observations. In addition, secondary sources of data have also been used. The findings of the study has shown that MSEs have played a positive role in women’s livelihood by creating employment opportunity for those who are in need of job and with low level of income , it improves womens income and standard of living, developing entrepreneur’s skills and knowledge, and empowered them socially and economically. Besides, the study shows challenges that affect women entrepreneurs’ performance of MSEs in the study area. Among this problems are access to working premises, market linkage, finance, trainings and technical advice and administrative barriers. Hence there is a need for strengthening the MSEs growth and providing special support for the secto r



Social Anthropology