Environmental and Socio Economic Impact of Artisanal and Small Scale Placer Gold Mining at Dima Gambella Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Gold mining plays a significant economic role in the vicinity of Akobo River, Gambella, South-Western Ethiopia; yet the rudimentary nature of artisanal and small scale gold mining activities often caused extensive degradation and shocking environmental as well as social-conditions. The aim of this study is to emphasize the methods of production existing in artisanal and small-scale placer gold mining of the study area and examine environmental and socioeconomic impacts generated by these activities. The study adopted a multi-method approach that involved assessed the variability of physicochemical parameters in water along the Akobo River; collected data using a semi structured questionnaire, group discussions and one-to-one interviews; inspected the rate, extent and distribution of various land use and cover changes(LULC) in Dima district from 2000 to 2020 on the basis of Landsat 7 ETM satellite images downloaded in raw format from the USGS website (https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/) and fieldwork. Facing a rapid expansion of artisanal and small-scale gold mining, governments, academia, green economy competitiveness, inter-institutional and multidisciplinary collaborations are urgently needed to overcome environmental and socio-economic challenges drawn from this sector in the study area.



Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining, Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts, Physico Chemical Parameters