Assessment of HIV Prevention Practice and Determinant factors among Daily Laborers of Holeta Floriculture, Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Ethiopia 2013

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Addis Abeba University


Background: The transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Viruses significantly affected by the knowledge and practice of the working population. The utilization of recommended health services for the prevention HIV is essential among a growing working population in floriculture sectors. Objectives: To assess HIV Prevention Practice and determinant factors among daily laborers of floriculture in Holeta Town. Methods: Institutional based cross sectional study was conducted from March 2013 to April 2013 to assess HIV prevention practice and determinant factors among daily laborers in floriculture of Holeta Town. Two stage sampling technique was deployed; both quantitative and qualitative data were used. A total of 649 daily laborers were selected randomly from the list of floriculture workers based on the proportion to the size of daily laborer. The data was collected using a pre-tested and structured questionnaire. Qualitative data was obtained using focus group discussion. Quantitative data was entered by using EPI info version 3.5.3 then exported to SPSS 16 version for cleaning and analysis. Logistic regression was employed to identify factors influencing prevention practice. Qualitative data were transcribed and translated into English, and then analyzed manually by grouping the ideas into similar thematic sets. Results: Among 649 who were interviewed, 466(71.8%) were females. The majority of the study participants 591(91%) were knowledgeable towards prevention methods. 210(32.4%) daily laborers used abstinence as a preventive methods, where as 54.2% laborers used faithful as a preventive methods, among sexually active daily laborers 156(35.6%) used condom as a preventive methods. Educational status, marital status, age, income, residence and alcohol drinking were associated with prevention practice. Study participants who attended primary education abstained more frequently than those who were illiterate (AOR=1.59; 95% CI (0.78, 3.22) and those who attended secondary and above educational level utilize condom more frequently than those who were illiterate (AOR=2.76; 95%CI (1.35, 5.62). Study participants who lived in urban less abstained than those who lived in rural (AOR= 0.58; 95% CI (0.37, 0.93) whereas those who lived in urban used condom more frequently than those who lived in rural (AOR=2.976; 95% CI (1.68, 5.26). Study participants who were currently married less likely used condom than those who were not married (AOR=0.27; 95% CI (0.15, 0.50). Conclusion: The majority study groups were knowledgeable on means of HIV prevention but only a few of them use preventive practice. We also conclude that this study has shown that incomes, age, educational status, marital status, residential areas and alcohol drinking were factors which influence preventive practice of HIV.



Prevention practice; HIV/AIDS; daily laborers; flower cultures, Holeta town,Ethiopia.