Water Supply Line Leakage Management in Addis Ababa: The Case of Bole Subcity in the Districte Metered Area of the Water Works Enterprise

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Addis Ababa University


The percentage of people served with some form of improved water supply rose from time to time. On the other hand, shortcomings in the management of water by focusing on developing new water sources rather than managing existing ones, and top-down sector approaches to water management have resulted in uncoordinated development and management of the resource. The city of Addis Ababa is suffering from losing 35.73% of its supply in its distribution systems. A study was conducted to identify the communities water leakage related knowledge, and assessed AAWSA‘s practice of water leakage management, and explained the gap between the communities knowledge of water leakage and AAWSA practice of water leakage management using District Metered Area application in the study area. Semi structured questionnaire, interviews, field measurement and document surveys was used to collect the relevant data. The semi structured questionnaire form, which was attended by a covering letter, consisted six parts. The first part sought Demographic and household characteristics information about the respondents profile and the second part assesses the Water sources and service leakage data .In the third part, participants were asked to tell if there are information sources about water leakage. The fourth part the respondents requested to explain their Life experience and psychosocial factors when there is shortage of water. The fifth part the respondents requested to know about the Household water perception data. On the sixth part the respondents requested if they have understanding to take Measures of water-related behaviors and policy support. The interviewee incorporates officials of AAWSA expert members. The data‘s collected were entered in to SPSS version 21 software. Software analysis was used to evaluate water leakage knowledge of the study population. The results of the field measurement were also presented it was seen that there is low and fragmented connection between the community understanding and the practical application of leakage management. The conclusion part concludes the findings by considering the existing water leakage management knowledge of the community and the AAWSA water leakage management practice and recommendation were given on the subject matter of the study.



leakage, DMA, water knowledge, leakage management