Legal Framework of Biosafety in Ethiopia: The Relevance of Cartagena Protocol

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Addis Ababa University


This study makes a comprehensive analysis of the current biosafety regulatory regime in Ethiopia. A set of common characteristics and components in biosafety regulatory systems with reference to related provisions of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety were used. The introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) especially 111 agriculture has produced a new range of governance challenges 111 the fields of environmental safety and human health. The regulation of modem biotechnology in Africa is still in its infancy. Despite this, legislation is urgently required to regulate modern biotechnology. The study assessed how the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is implemented by Ethiopia. The study revealed that though the Cartagena Protocol has gone some way in regulating modem biotechnology. On the national level, the study noted that the draft biosafety regulatory regime of Ethiopia does comply with the provisions of the Cartagena Protocol, but it considers the Cartagena protocol as minimum standard rather than maximum standard. This is mainly because each country has taken a different approach in implementing the protocol depending on its domestic priorities, biodiversity, imperatives and position in the global agricultural market. Finally, the study made recommendations on possible ways in which Ethiopia can coordinate and improve its national biosafety regulatory systems. These will enable the draft biosafety regulatory system to become more successful in protecting the environment and human health.



Legal Framework, Biosafety in Ethiopia