Watershed Management Practices in Enhancing Resilience Capacity of Farmers to Perceived Climate Change: The Case of Emba Hsaty And Mehan Watersheds, Michew, Tigray Reagon

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Addis Ababa University


Watershed Management Practices in Enhancing Resilience Capacity of farmers to Perceived Climate Change: the case of Emba Hasty and Mehan Watersheds, Tigray Region this thesis identified how watershed management improves the livelihood of the households and also benefits the ecosystem for the changing climate. Using both probability and non-probability and simple random sampling method the data for the study was collected through a survey of 290 households, two focus group discussions, and 12 key informant interviews. Binary logistic model is used to examine communities’ perception towards climate change, climate variability, to investigate watershed management practices in enhancing household resilience capacities in the face of changing climate, to evaluate the socio-economic outcome of watershed management practices. The finding shows that the overall temperature and over all rainfall has change. There is low rainfall, temperature has increased, early cessation of rainfall has increased, floods and drought have become more frequent owing to a number of factors that derive from both climatic and topographic conditions. Access and use of livelihood resources such as family size, total income, training, off farm activity, saving and experience in natural shock were found to be the most important factors that determine the community’s resilience capacity of households. Economic instruments are likely to be more effective if they are combined with education and awareness building activities, and participation by affected people, for example through watershed management. Successful mechanisms have evolved from a narrow to a comprehensive focus or from management of a water source to the whole catchment area. This implies that policy should focus more on addressing the factors that expose people to climate change impacts and shape their resilience capacity, rather than focusing on short-term emergency responses. Key words: Climate Change Impact, Watershed Management, Resilience Capacity, Binary logistic model and Emba Hasy and Mehan watershed