Post Discharge Mortality among Preterm Newborns Admitted to Selected Public Hospitals NICU Addis Ababa Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

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Addis Abeba University


Introduction: Worldwide, 15 million babies are born prematurely each year. Prematurity has become the leading cause of newborn deaths worldwide, resulting in more than 1 million deaths each year .Preterm birth rates around the globe are increasing and are now responsible for 35% of the world’s neonatal deaths; the condition is the secondleading cause of death among children under five. Ethiopia is among the top 15 countries that contribute to two-thirds of the world’s preterm babies with an estimated preterm birth rate of 14.1%. In Ethiopia, of the estimated 91,700 neonatal deaths in 2010, more than one-third were estimated to be due to complications of preterm birth. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess post NICU discharge mortality rate among preterm infants discharged from selected public Hospital NICU in Addis Ababa. Methods: The study design was institutional based cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in selected public hospital NICUs in Addis Ababa. The study subjects were preterm neonates who were discharged from NICU. The sampling methods were simple random sampling method. Chart review and phone call was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics by software called SPSS version 25. Result: out of 406 preterm discharges 395(97.3%) survived to 28 days and 11(2.7%) died making post discharge mortality rate of preterm neonates is 2.7 %.There were no statistically significant association between post discharge mortality among preterm neonates and neonatal, maternal and sociodemographic characteristics. Recommendation :post discharge preterm mortality is low in this research , which is encouraging but critical attention should be paid on improving in hospital survival especially for extremely low and very low birth weight neonate because the vast majority did not survive to discharge. They account a significant minority in this study.



Mortality ,Preterm newborns