Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Abused Children with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: the Case of Kechene Children’s Home and OPRIFS

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The high prevalence and the devastating negative consequences of sexual and physical abuse initiate research inquiry in to the treatment aspect of the problem. This study examined whether trauma focused cognitive behavioral group therapy is effective in treating either sexually or physically abused children in two NGOs namely Kechene Children’s home and OPRIFS. The study was a control group pre test post test quasi-experimental design. Sixty female participants aged 8 to 18 were selected purposefully based on inclusion criteria. They were divided in to two groups (treatment group and control group) which were made equivalent in terms of their score of child post traumatic stress symptoms scale and type of abuse they experienced. The treatment group received TF-CBGT for 3 sessions a week for a total of 12 sessions. Child posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms scale (CPSS) was used to measure post traumatic stress symptoms of participants. Test was conducted before the treatment, just after the treatment and 15 days after the treatment. Results of dependent t-test indicated that, participants engaged in treatment group showed statistically significant reduction in PTSD symptoms (df=29 t=2.618) from pre to post test while the control group did not. The therapy gain/outcome was maintained at follow up measure. Independent t test indicated that the mean CPSS for the control group and the treatment group was statistically significant at post test (df=58 t=2.068). There was no statistically significant difference in post traumatic stress symptoms mean score between different types of abuse (sexual and physical) and age groups (younger children aged 9 to 12 and teenagers aged 13 to 16) both before and after therapy. It is recommended to conduct a large scale study with more sample size and diversity to expand the findings of this study



Home and oprifs