Determinants of Some Socio-Demographic Characteristics on Fertility in Ethiopia

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Addis Abeba university


Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. According to Population and Housing Census (2007) the population Ethiopia was 77.1 million. The annual population growth rate was predicted at 2.7 percent showing that the country has a very high total fertility rate. Given this background the major objective of this study is to assess the effect of socio-demographic factors on fertility level in Ethiopia. In this study the data source is the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2005(EDHS 2005) by the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) with a total of 14,070 women of age 15-49 years. In this study 10,199 women who have at least one child are considered. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression are used for statistical analysis. The study found out that place of residence, level of education of a wife, religion, ever use of contraceptive, husband level of education, age 5-year group, age at first marriage and the work status of wife were significant determinants of total number of children ever-born. Socio-demographic characteristics of women such as poor educational status of wife, rural place of residence, age at first marriage below 18 years, women not working (not employed as wage/salary earner), low level of educational husband were found to have significant association with the risk of having five or more CEB



Socio-Demographic Characteristics