Assessment of Productive Safety Net Program Effectiveness in Improving the Livelihoods of Women Beneficiaries: The Case of Zeway Dugda Woreda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region

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Addis Ababa University


This study was conducted in Zeway Dugda Wereda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State. It deals with analysis to assess the effectiveness of Productive Safety Net Program in improving the livelihoods of women beneficiaries in the study wereda and identifying outstanding challenges related to the program regarding gender mainstreaming and to come up with relevant recommendations to improve gender division of labour in Productive Safety Net Program. Household survey using questioners; focus group discussion with PSNP members; and key informant interviews with relevant stakeholders were employed to collect the necessary data. A total of 120 households were selected. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize results and present them in tables. Statistical tests like t-tests and chi-square were used to test differences and associations between variables. Correlation analysis was also employed to understand the relationship between some variables. The researches results revealed that the productive safety net program has significant contribution to address the existing unfair gender division of labour in the study area while it does not fully address the issue to the extent that the program intended. It can be recommended that gender division of labour issues should be properly considered during design in future interventions of PSNP and other similar programs to address the abovementioned issues in a better way. Policymakers and development practitioners need to consider contextual gender analysis and participation of women during design and implementation of any development program. Regular monitoring and evaluation mechanisms should be reviewed through the gender lens so that the program will have better contribution to address gender division of labour in the rural setting like that of the study areas. Key words: productive safety net program, gender division of labour, gender mainstreaming, public work



productive safety net program, gender division of labour, gender mainstreaming, public work