The Contribution of Rural Productive Safety Net Program (RPSNP) for Households Livelihood Diversification: The Case of Wadla Woreda, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


This paper analyzes the role of RPSNP in livelihood diversification. It uses mixed methods across 3 (three) kebeles in Amhara region, North wollo zone, Wadla woreda. Primary data was collected through, key informant interview, focus group discussions (FGD), survey and field observations. The central research question was, does PSNP played a role in increasing the livelihood options of its beneficiaries through increasing farm, non-farm and off-farm income? The result of the study shows the program contributed in diversifying the livelihood options as well as preserving and increasing the livelihood assets of beneficiaries. The main diversification scheme in the study area as a result of PSNP is off-farm and non-farm income. From the total sampled PSNP beneficiary households 72% and 39% responded their off farm and non-farm income increased their livelihood options respectively. The livelihood changes and increased livelihood options of beneficiaries were mainly reflected through the PSNPs resources investment on rural road, irrigation canals, health centers, spring water development, water and soil conservation. It further increased availability of forage, natural resource extraction, such as, charcoal and bee keeping as well as by increasing participation in off farm activities. Generally, livelihood diversification through the help of RPSNP (that is off farm, nonfarm and farm income) has an effect on livelihood status of households in the study area.



livelihood diversification, farm income, non-farm income, off farm income