Gender Differentials in Youth Sexual Behavior and Vulnerability to HIV Infection in Burayu Zone Oromia Region

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopia is a developing counfly with a demographic profile dominated by a youngpopulation. Due to biological, socia-cultural, economic and gender inequality young people, particlliarly those aged 15-24 years, are generally at a high risk 0/ contracting STDs including HIVIAIDS. This study is intended to examine gender differentials in youth (0 HIV Burayu o/Oromia State. II cross-sectional, study was cond1lct in both urban and rural areas of the Zone. and qualitative data collection methods were used gather the required information/or the study. For quantitative part of the study, a total of 723 youtll (367 males and 356/emale youth), in the age group years, living in a randomly of FOllr locus-group oI 1 condllcted andjemale youth to supplement the findings in quantitative part. Descriptive statistics and logistic were IIsed to examine the influence oIthe explanatOlY variable on the 1.lsing SPSS soflware 16. The major finding 0/ the study sholl'S tllat sexual initiation which typically occurs at an early age for both sex. However, females are more likely to start sex be/ore reaching the exact age and 1t is also Iound that 17.2/or male andI6.5/ilrfelllale. IIlthollgh most YOllths have lIsed cone/olns, its consistent use was remained lUll'. Considemhle o/the youth in the area exhibited high risk sexlIal behavior including lIIultiple activity non 0/ that HIV infect ion. This ilnplies that HfVIA fDS prevention and other reproductive health programmes need 10 targel young. /or/siudy AESMeT Ethiopia is a developing counfly with a demographic profile dominated by a young socio-particularly j 5-contracling HIVIA IDS. stllc0' YOUlh sexual behavior and vulnerability to 1-[lV infection in /Jurayu zone of Oromia Regional A conduct o( tile Both quantitative to Ihe in(ormation/stuc0'. a/the lotal 0(723 youth l17ales 15-24 selected urban and rural kebeles 0/ the zone were interviewed. Four focus-groujJ discussions, each with a total of.l 0 partiCipants, were conducted with male C/ml/i!lllClle Descriplive slCltistics regression analysis used fa of the explanatol)l Ihe dependent variables using the sofiware j 6. of slud)' shows thaI initial ion t)1)ical/y before 15 18. iI .fiJund thai the mean age at sexual debut was 17.2 for //Iale and 16. 5(orji!lnale. II Ithough 1170s1 youths used condo illS. consistel1l lise lOll '. Con.l'idemhie proportion o(lhe youlh exhibiled sexual lIIuiliple sexual partnership, early sexual activily and inconsistent or n017 use of condoms Ihat predisposed them to Sexually Transmitted Diseases inc/uding in(ection. implies HI II/A lDS 10 largel youths \"hen they are velY young, particularly fo r/emales in the study area.



Youth Sexual Behavior