Human Rights in Political Programs: Evaluation of Ethiopian Political Parties Programs in light of International Human Rights Instruments

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Addis Ababa University


Political parties develop policy alternatives that demonstrate their commitment to solve societal problems before they run for political power. Parties present their policy alternatives through their political programs and election manifestos. So, these are means to provide meaningful choice over polices for electorate and also hold politicians accountable if they fail to implement their programs once elected. It is internationally accepted practice to incorporate human rights issues on parties programs whether a country falls under the category of full democrat states, flawed democrats or authoritarian regimes. As Ethiopia falls under authoritarian regime according to international reports, it affects the programmaticity of political parties in the country. This study has the main objective of evaluating Ethiopian political parties programs and manifestos in light of international human rights standards. It examines how human rights issues are included in Ethiopian political parties programs and manifestos; and look at the extent to which Ethiopian political parties programs are informed by International Human Rights documents. The research is a type of qualitative content analysis which begins with close reading of political parties programs and manifestos and then assess human rights issues in these documents in relation to internationally recognized human rights instruments. Human rights are among the main issues that are covered by different Ethiopian political parties programs and election manifestos. Though there are some deviations, more or less, Ethiopian political parties programs comply with International Human Rights Instruments.



Election Manifestos, Human Rights, Political Programs