Ethiopia’s Role In Somalia’s Peace Building Since 1991

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Addis Ababa University


The study is Ethiopia’s role in Somalia’s peace-building since 1991. The study investigated whether Ethiopia played a pivotal role for Somalia’s peace building effort or all involvement in Somalia was merely to maximize its national self-interests? Qualitative research methodology has been used in the course of collecting and analyzing data by employing both primary and secondary sources as methods of data collection .Primary data are collected through key informant interviews from individual in various institutions. Secondary sources used in this study include books, journal articles and reports. Based on the above mentioned sources of data, the study has tried to answer the research questions that have aimed to show Ethiopia’s role in Somalia’s peace-building since 1991. Ethiopia and Somalia have a troubled relationship for a long period of time. The finding shows that Ethiopia had/has limited role in Somalia’s peace building. This is not for selfish reasons. Based on the finding, there is justifications for Ethiopia that had/has very limited role. This are Somalia’s instability and lack of a strong central government are perceived as serious threats to Ethiopia’s national security and stability. Because of this, Ethiopia frequently intervened in Somalia since 1991. Consequently, its frequent interventions resulted some negative impacts on the processes of Somalia’s peace-building. The result is in disagreement with the argument that Ethiopia has participated in many activities that have blocked peace-building efforts in Somalia in order to maintain a weak and divided Somalia. From the findings, it is concluded that Ethiopia is an important international actor with regard to combating international terrorism and extremism. Ethiopia greatly fought against different terrorist groups to maintain its territorial integrity unilaterally and multilaterally and it has striven to renovate peace and security in Somalia. However, the finding addressed two focal problems from Ethiopia side. These include Ethiopia’s policy speculation and its media circus that try to show about the positive aspects of Ethiopian intervention in Somalia. For a long term solutions, firstly, Ethiopia should accept and consider its drawback in the process of Somalia’s peace-building. Secondly, Ethiopia should be avoid its unilateral and military involvement and tries to strengthen a common policy orientation



International Relation