Assessment of knowledge and practice on blood transfusion and its associated factors among nurses working at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, June 2019

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Addis Abeba University


Background Blood transfusion is an important part of day‐to‐day clinical practice. Blood and blood products provide unique and life‐saving therapeutic benefits to patients. The major concern from the point of view of both user (recipient) and prescriber (clinician) is for safe, effective and quality blood to be available when require. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and practice of the nurses on blood transfusion and to identify the factors associated with such knowledge and practice. Objective: To assess knowledge and practice on blood transfusion and its associated factors among nurses working at TASH, 2019. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was used. Accordingly, study was conducted on a total of 234 nurses. An interview administered pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic data, knowledge and practice on blood transfusion and associated factors. Data was collected by 3 BSc. nurses and 1 MSc. supervisors who have an experience of data collection and was supervised by the investigator. SPSS version 21 software was used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics was used to describe both dependent and independent variables. Binary logistic regression was used to determine association between dependent and independent variables. Confidence interval 95% and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result: On the score of knowledge 57.3% of participants had unsatisfied level of knowledge, and 77.8% of participants had incompetent level of practice on blood transfusion. Factors associated with knowledge included nurses those have not received training (AOR=1.902, 95% CI 1.024, 3.531, P=0.035). And factors associated with practice included, working experience of 1-5 years (AOR)=2.236,95%CI,1.489, 4.230, P=0.011, working experience of 6-10 years (AOR=7.545, 95% CI, 1.659, 9.316, P=0.009), number of blood transfusion 1-3 times per week (AOR= 5.404, 95% CI, 1.417, 7.570, P= 0.006) and knowledge score (AOR=5.185, 95%CI, 1.090, 7.380, p=0.000) were significantly associated. Conclusion and recommendation: The overall result shows there was unsatisfactory level of knowledge and incompetent level of practice of nurses on blood transfusion. It is importance to increase the opportunities to acquire skills such as training courses and continuing and permanent education for nursing professionals is reinforced, focusing on patient safety and quality of care.



knowledge, practice, associated factors, blood transfusions, nurses