Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Women towards Exclusive Breastfeeding and Mixed Feeding In Gubalafto Woreda, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background World health organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s fund (UNICEF) recommends breastfeeding children exclusively the first six months, and continuing breast-feeding along with complementary foods up to 2 years or beyond is important. Despite the recommendations, national exclusive breastfeeding prevalence in many countries remained very law which ranges from 30%-67% only. This study was intended to provide relevant information for government and nongovernmental organizations’ (NGOs) officials on magnitudes and gaps on breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding in particular. This will help for appropriate and relevant interventions. Objective To assess knowledge, attitude, and practices of mothers on exclusive breast-feeding and mixed feeding and indicate areas of interventions for relevant stakeholders. Methodology This study was designed as an institution based cross-sectional study supplemented with qualitative method. A structured and semi structured questionnaires were used for quantitative and qualitative data collection respectively. Results Proportion of women with good knowledge and good exclusive breastfeeding practice was 259(65.1%) and 311(78.1%) respectively. Prevalence of mixed feeding practice was 73(18.3%). In the hierarchical analysis; their spouse being educated, maternal age >35 years, married mothers, being a housewife remained significant predictors of EBF knowledge. Mothers who were formally educated and being a housewife were significant predictors of good EBF practice. Conclusions and Recommendations Even though mothers who visit health clinics are expected to have better knowledge status, their knowledge status regarding EBF recommendations remained very low. Their EBF practice level was still unsatisfactory. Their spouse being educated, mothers being married, being a housewife and mothers’ illiteracy negatively affected their knowledge and practice status on EBF. A ii support from family, health care providers, health policy makers and health project implementers is imperative to improve appropriate breastfeeding practice among breastfeeding mothers.



Knowledge, Attitude