Contribution of Natural Resource Management to Food Security in Leman Watershed, Degem Woreda, Oromia National Regional State.

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Addis Ababa University


The overriding objective of this study is to explore the of participation of households in different soil and water conservation practices in enhancing their production and food security and examine their production efficiency Thus, this study analyzes farmer’s choice of single and combination choice of SWC practices (i.e. stone bund, soil bund, stone bund and soil bund, soil bund with plantation and all conservation practices) and evaluates the impact of these technologies on households food security and also assess their production efficiency and determinants of inefficiency. The necessary data were generated principally from primary and to some extent secondary sources to answer the research question. Thus, household survey involving 290 households was done using questionnaires. Multinomial logit and endogenous switching regression models were employed to achieve the above objectives. In addition, the study employed one stage approach in which both technical efficiency and factors of inefficiency are analyzed simultaneously. The result of endogenous switching model reveals that adoption of SWC practices have a positive and significant impact on household’s food security. Moreover, the result of the study also shows that households adopting all conservation practices are more food secure than other alternative adopters. Failure to adopt SWC practices leads to lower food security status. According to the multinomial logit result, technology adoption is positively related with education/ training, soil fertility, access to extension services, land size and livestock holding. But adoption of agriculture technologies has negative and significant relation with non-marriage status, and distance to the input and out market. On the other hand, study revealed nearly half of households produce with only 50% percent efficiency and there is a room to improve production efficiency. Slope of farmland, livestock possession, agricultural tools ownership and SWC participation are factors that significantly determine efficiency. Increased effort on physical SW conservation activities along with biological, investing more education and training, improving infrastructure/access to services are key recommendation in improving production efficiency and food security are stemmed out of the study.



Food security, Multinomial endogenous, Soil and water conservation, Switching regression, Technical efficiency