Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) (Fabaceae) Landrace Diversity in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa Universty


The general objective of this study was to assess and document the landrace diversity and ethnobotanical information of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) in Ethiopia. Ethnobotanical information of the crop was collected by using semi-structured interview, field observation and market survey. The study areas were covered in Amhara Region (South Wollo, North Shewa and East Gojjam), Gambella Region (Agnwaa), Oromia Region (West Shewa) and SNNPR (Gamo Gofa and Segen Hizboch) zones of Ethiopia. Data analyzed by using descriptive statistics and informant consensus tools. Totally, 25 accessions of mungbean germplasm were collected from local markets, farmers’ field and home from September to October 2014. Among all study sites, from Amhara Region more accessions while from Oromia Region less accession were collected. According to the informants, 100% of the accessions were landrace varieties. The collected specimens of mungbean belong to Vigna radiata var. radiata farmer variety MASHO(Amharic), farmer variety OGODA (Agnwaa) and farmer variety NEKEYDA(Konso). In this finding, local farmers use of mungbean as food and fodder (36.8%), income generation, food and fodder (32%), food, fodder and improve soil fertility (22.4%), food, fodder, improve soil fertility and income generation (8.8%). Poorly organized marketing system, less availability of seed during sowing season, less management are causes for limitation. Other factors like disease, insect and drought stress are the key problems of mungbean productivity as described by informants. Awareness raising, effectively managing and making farmers direct beneficiaries will increase production of mungbean by farming communities Key words: Diversity, ethnobotany, farmers’ knowledge, landrace, management, mungbean



Diversity, Ethnobotany, Farmers’ knowledge, Landrace, Management, Mungbean