Assessment of the Magnitude and Factors Associated With Low Birth Weight among Newbors in Public Hospitals of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


Back ground: Low birth weight is a public health problem in almost all countries of the world of which Ethiopia is one. The empirical literature provides mixed results on the relationship between many of these factors and LBW. Some of the variables that are found to be predicator of LBW in one study may not necessarily be a risk factor in another study. Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess the magnitude and factors associated with low birth weight at public hospitals of Addis Ababa from August 2014 to June 2015. Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in Addis Ababa. The study was conducted among three selected hospitals. A total of 457 samples were drown proportionally from the selected hospitals. Pre tested structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used. The collected data was cleaned, coded, and entered into EPI INFO and then exported to SPSS version 21.0 for analysis. Result: The magnitude of low birth weight was 8.8%. Low birth weight was more likely associated with timing of ANC visit (AOR=7.407, 95% CI=1.148, 47.794), taking extra meal during pregnancy (AOR=0.249, 95%CI=0.064, 0.960), type of pregnancy (AOR=0.302, 95% CI=0.094, 0.972) and iron/folic acid supplementation (AOR=0.30295%CI=0.092, 0.972). Conclusion and recommendation: Low birth weight was substantial and strengthening the public health intervention that put into consideration the factors identified here are essential. Key word: Low birth weight, maternal risk factors



Low birth weight, maternal risk factors