Practices and Challenges of School-Based Supervisionin Government Secondary Schools of Abuna Gindeberat Woreda of West Shoa Zone

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to assess practices of school-based supervision: in the case of government’s secondary schools of AbunaGindeberetWoreda, West ShoaZone inOromia Regional State. The descriptive survey method was employed. Samples were drawn from seven secondary school found in woreda, four Government secondary schools was selected using simple random sampling techniques for the study: The reason for using simple random sampling technique was to give equal and non- zero chance for each school. Accordingly, from four government secondary schools 83 teachers were selected randomly while 16 head of Department and 18 senior teachers, 8 principals, 2 cluster supervisor and 1 Woreda Education Office coordinators of supervision were also selected using availability sampling technique for the study. Data were collected through questionnaire, interview and document analysis. Frequency, Percentage and mean score were used to analyze and interpret the data collected through questionnaire. The data collected through interview and document analysis were analyzed and interpreted using narration to enrich the data obtained through questionnaire. The findings of the study revealed that school –based supervisors were assigned to their roles through competitions and among the school based supervisors vice -principals, department heads and senior teachers have played their supervisory roles fairly. The outcomes of the study suggested that lack of experience relation to supervision practice, lack of supervision manual, lack of short term training supervisors in areas of supervision, lack of adequate budget as well as absence of school coordination, lack of commitment of supervisors, workload of the supervisors and teachers resistant against the supervisory activity were found to be the major factors that affected the practicing of school based supervision in the sampled secondary schools. Based on the above findings, revising the current selection criteria of school -based supervisors, training the supervisors in areas of supervision, using different options of supervision to promote teachers professional development, facilitating opportunities of an experience sharing between the schools and departments , assigning sufficient number of teachers to schools to reduce the workload of the supervisors, allocating budget for supervisory activities and providing supervision manual which help to carry out supervisory activities accordingly were recommended to reduce or alleviate the factors that affected the practices of school based supervision.



Challenges of School-Based Supervisionin