Factors Affecting use of Contraceptive Methods Among Ethiopian Women

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Addis Abeba university


The fertility rate in Ethiopia is very high. According to the 2000 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) an Ethiopian woman gives birth on average to 5.9 children. Problems posed by high fertility rates and population growth have sparked studies of the factors determining contraceptive usage since contraceptive is used for birth control. The major objective of this study is to determine the factors that affect the use of contraceptive methods for Ethiopian women. The study is based on data from the 2005 EDHS with a total of 14,070 women in the age group 15-49 years. Binary logistic regression and descriptive statistical measures are used for the analysis. The binary logistic regression analysis is applied to examine the association between contraceptive usage status and women's demographic, socio-economic, and cultural characteristics. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the age of a woman, place of residence, religion, partner’s education level, woman’s education, information about family planning (FP) on radio, frequency of listening to radio, visit by FP worker, region and wealth index were the most important variables that explained the variability in contraceptive usage. Women who had higher education and higher partner’s education, higher wealth status, were exposed to radio, resided in urban areas, catholic women, exposed to FP message on the radio, were visited by FP worker, aged from 25-29, and especially those who lived in Addis Ababa were more likely to use contraceptive methods.



Methods Among Ethiopian Women