Determinants of Urban-Rural Linkage for Local Development: The Case of Tulu Bolo Town and Its Surrounding Rural Areas, Oromia, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The objective of this study is to examine determinants of urban-rural linkages for local developments in Tulu Bolo Town and its surrounding rural areas. To attain this objective, the required data was collected from primary and secondary sources using survey questionnaire and key informant interviews. The sample consisted of 235 households‟ selected using random sampling method and purposive sample. Both descriptive and econometrics analysis were employed to meet the objective of the study. The result from the descriptive analysis indicates that, most of the linkages that exist in the study area are sectorial linkages and spatial linkages. A spatial linkage in the study area shows flow of goods, money, and technology and information linkages. Sectorial linkages are the connection between agriculture (crop production, livestock production) and manufacturing (use of agricultural inputs such as fertilizer, improved seeds, herbicides and pesticides) linkages. The nature and type of these linkages are affected by factors related to infrastructure, subsistence nature of production, lack of market information, lack of guideline and organized planning, and low purchasing power of most of the residents. Urbanrural linkages are energetic for local development in terms of income and wealth generation, economic activities diversification, and increase opportunities for employment; improve wellbeing and livelihood of the study area. After endogeneity problems among different factors are detected, logit regressions were run to identify important determinants. The results revealed that sex of the respondents, land owned, Access to credit, access to infrastructure facilities and distance have significant and positive (more) influence on the determinant of urban-rural linkage for local development. However, family size, market availability and livestock owned have significant and negative impact on the determinant of urban-rural linkage for local developments. Accordingly, the study recommends that the Tulu Bolo Town and Rural administration, Oromia regional state and Federal government need to develop an integrated URLs program in collaboration with stakeholders so as to encourage mutual development of urban and rural areas. Hence, to enhance urban-rural linkages in the study area, it is essential to take measure on the factors that hinder mutual development of both urban and rural areas.



Determinant of Urban-Rural Linkages, Local Development, Logit.