A Study of Influential Socio-Economic Factors Fertility in Bahirdar Town

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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


Ethiopia is one of the developing countries that experiences a rapid population increase. Based on the 1984 census data the growth rate of the population of Ethiopia was estimated to be 2.9 percent. A population growth rate above 2 percent would pose a problem for the country's development. Therefore, it is of prime importance to study the factors which influence fertility so as to achieve a reduction in growth rate of population. In this paper an attempt has been made to assess the influence of some socio-economic factors on fertility taking a typical growing town, Bahir Dar. The method of regression was used to examine the influence of some selected factors on fertility. Among the factors considered in the study women 's employment was inversely related to fertility, though this relations hip was found to be not signifi£:a'nt" in 'the younger and .olderage groups. The educational Level of wife and husbard appeared to have an inverse relatior,sb.i.p !nth ferli ;.ity only in certain age groups. It seeme.1 chell inco'm'e 'had '" r')sitiv~ effect on fertility. There was no siginificant djffrnce in fertility between muslims and Christians, and between the Amharas and other ethnic groups taken together. The demographic feature for Bahir Dar, hopefully, can be representative of other towns in the country, and hence may be used to indicate what types of measures have to be taken in order to challenge the problem of population g r owth, especially in townships.