Impact of Productive Safety Net Program (Psnp) on Food Security in Ethiopian Somali Region: The Case of Keberibeyah Woreda

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Addis Ababa University


The study has examined the impact of productive safety net program (PSNP) on food security in Ethiopian Somali region, specifically Keberibeyah Woreda. It emphasized on assessing the identification process of food insecure beneficiary households and experienced challenges during the process, impacts of the program on beneficiaries food consumption, creation and protection of household and community assets and finally perception of beneficiaries’ towards the program. The study used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Key informant interviews, focus group discussion, observation and survey questionnaire were used as instruments of data collection. Moreover, secondary materials were also used from different sources. The study found that the identification process was undertaken through combined efforts of community and administrative bodies however it was not free from some partiality tendency on behalf of responsible bodies and misunderstanding of program’s objectives on behalf of the community. The program slightly touches food consumption status of beneficiary households. Nevertheless, water and soil development project have been undertaking through public work project but not satisfactory in terms of their quantity as well as quality. The program has been bringing improvements on assets building particularly on livestock, production and consumer durable assets since joining the program. PSNP has been effective in terms of bringing positive impact on working behavior of the community through its public work project and it is considered as developmental intervention by the government in order to address food insecurity rather than charity services. After examining the general situations, some recommendations were suggested by the researcher. Majorly focused on timing of food distribution, quantity of food aid with respect to household size and issue of varieties of cereals rather depend on the same type all the time being, intervention on social services, implementation of other food security program in the area like that of other region especially credit service and household package program, disciplines while targeting and finally attentions for the quality and quantity of community assets which are generating through public work