Magnitude and factors associated with induced abortion among women of reproductive age group who seek healthcare service in selected health institutes in sebeta.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Eastern African region has one of the highest rates of unsafe abortion in the world, with unsafe abortion responsible for an estimated mortality rate of 18%. Ethiopia has the fifth highest number of maternal deaths in the world: one in 27 women die from complications of pregnancy or childbirth annually. Several risk factors contribute to the increasing rate of induced abortion and its complication including restrictive laws, inadequate awareness level and number of previous spontaneous abortion, the type and pattern of these risk factors varies in different parts of the country. Objective: To assess the magnitude of induced abortion and associated risk factors in Sebeta town, central Ethiopia. Method: A health facility based, cross sectional quantitative study was conducted in the selected government health center and medium private clinics in Sebeta town between December2020 to February 2021. A total of 445 women were enrolled in this study. A purposive and systematic/interval sampling technique was used to select Health institute and study participants respectively. Data was collected using a standardized questioner and skilled personnel to ensure data quality and entry and analysis were then conducted using SPSS, version 20 Result: In this study, the prevalence of induced abortion was 44%. Risk factors including single women [AOR=3.12, 95% CI (1.72, 5.65)] , women who had not attended sexual education [AOR= 3.76, 95% CI (2.30, 6.14)],women who are literate [AOR=4.79, 95% CI (1.88, 12.19)], being daily laborers [AOR= 2.014, 95% CI (1.04,3.89)], those in age group25-29 year [AOR=2.29, 95% CI (1.13, 4.64)] and being urban resident [AOR=2.46, 95% CI (1.44, 4.21)] were significantly associated with committing induced abortion. Conclusion and recommendation: The prevalence of induced abortion is in Sebeta Town is higher than that of the national average in Ethiopia. Lack of exposure to information on sexual education and being in early age urban residence had higher experience of abortion that needs targeted intervention. Sexual health education should be provided for women in reproductive age group particularly in urban areas of Sebeta Town focusing on unmarried and adolescents.



Abortion,women,Reproductive age,healthcare service