Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Rural Livelihoods and the Responses: the Case of Soro Woreda, Hadiya Zone, SNNPR

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to assess effects of climate change and variability on rural livelihoods and responses in Soro woreda, Hadiya zone, SNNPR. Thus, the study sought to examine the pattern of rainfall and temperature in the last three decades, to explore effects of climate change and variability on rural livelihoods and to assess individuals’ communities and institutions response and identify the group of society most vulnerable to and impacted by the existing climate related stresses. To achieve the objectives set, appropriate data was collected from three sample kebeles which were selected through stratified sampling method based on their agro-ecologic conditions. And 96 household heads were purposively selected from the three sample kebeles. In addition, three FGD each composed of 6 individuals from different socio-economic status and age groups were selected and used as primary sources of information. Key informant interview was conducted with experts from SWARDO and DAs. The finding of the study reveals that some elements of climate (temperature and rainfall) show inter annual and seasonal variability with slightly increasing trend. And the main source of income in the study area is rain fed agriculture which is being adversely affected by unpredictable and decreasing rainfall, hailstorms and flooding, high temperature etc. To adapt to the changing climate of the area, farmers are already practicing long aged coping mechanisms and adaptation strategies along with some government interventions in response to the CC and variability. This study also identified women, children and elderly, the poor ad landless as most vulnerable to the existing CC and variability effects. Therefore, depending on the finding of the study, the following policy recommendations are forwarded are: increasing farmers’ awareness on how to use agricultural technologies & inputs, restoring the degraded environment, facilitating access to credit services, diversifying source of income, building the capacity of farmers & encouraging CBA strategies as the main poverty reduction approach. Key words: Climate change/variability, livelihoods, coping mechanisms, adaptation strategies.



Climate Change/Variability, livelihoods, Coping Mechanisms, Adaptation Strategies