Stunting Status of Under-Five Children in Rural Ethiopia: Multilevel Logistic Regression Analysis

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Addis Abeba university


Stunting is a well-established child health indicator for chronic malnutrition related to environmental and socio-economic circumstances (WHO, 1995 and 1996). According to the 2011 EDHS report by the Ethiopia CSA, nationally, 44 percent of children under age five are stunted, and 21 percent of children are severely stunted. This study aimed to identify socioeconomic and demographic determinants of under-five child stunting in rural Ethiopia using EDHS 2011 data. In order to achieve our objective descriptive, cross-tabulation, binary logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis using socio-economic, demographic and health and environmental variables as explanatory variables, and status of stunting as the response variable. The results of the analysis show that age of child, mother’s educational level, wealth index, employment status of mother, source of drinking water, types of toilet facilities, had diarrhea two weeks before the survey, had fever two weeks before the survey, educational level of partner and geographical region were found to be significant determinants of stunting status of under-five children in rural Ethiopia. The result also suggested that children from poor families were more likely to be stunted than children from rich families in rural Ethiopia. It is found that children from uneducated mothers are at higher risk of stunting. It is recommended that design and implement primary health care and nutrition programs which would fit the features of each region to safeguard children from nutritional deficiency



Regression Analysis