Occupational Stress, Control and Income: Their Relation With The Psychological Well-Being of Employed Women

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Addis Ababa University


The main objective of this study was to examme the relationship between occupational characteristics and psychological well-being of employ ed women. In light of this objective, 15 organizations, 18 occupation and 180 employed women were selected by convenient and pervasive sampling technique (150 for questioner and 30 for interview). In order to ensure fair representation s of employed women, they were categorized based on their geographical location (20 from each sub-city). Quantitative analyses were used to analyze the data obtained through the questionnaires. To investigate the relation ship corre lation s were performed. To explore the predictive power regressIOns analysis was used. To find out the group differences independent sample T-test was used. Alpha value of 0.01 was used for significance tests in this study. More over, all quantitative analysis were done using SPSS 12.The information from the interview was categorized in themes and analyzed using qualitative methods. Given our findings, it seems warranted that Stress has a negative and control has a positive significant relationship with the psychological well-being of employ ed women but not income. Among them, Control is a strong predictor of employed women's psychological well being. And ages, marital status, numbers of children and educational level have a relationship with psychological well-being of employed women. Among them, educational level is a strong predictor of employed women's psychological well being. There is also a difference in psychological well-being between married and un-married employed women i.e. married employed women have better psychological wellbeing than unmarried employed women .More over the coping mechanisms used by employed women are their own, not something they got from professional support.



Control and Income