Assessment of the Perceived Impact of Peer Pressure on Female Secondary School Students in Some Selected Schools in Addis Ababa

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Currently, peer pressure has become a concern for many secondary and preparatory school students as well as parents in Ethiopia. It is believed to be the biggest factor in determining preparatory school students’ academic performance. The major objectives of the study was to assess the influence of peer pressure on female secondary school students’ academic performance and indicate some coping mechanisms of negative peer pressure on some selected secondary schools in Addis Ababa . Mixed research approach was employed in this study. The study generated the required data from a representative sample of 320 adolescent female students drawn from the study population through random sampling. Data were collected through questionnaire, focus group discussion, and interview. Accordingly the following results are obtained: Negative peer pressure is highly observed on female adolescents of the study area they get fooled by the fun and pleasure found with accompany of their friends and because secondary and preparatory students are between the age of 15_18 and most of the time they are influenced by negative peer pressure. Want to look fun and relaxing and to avoid being treated as “far” are some of the reasons why female students are susceptible to negative peer pressure. There is a statistically significant negative relationship between positive peer influence and negative peer influence. The same is true about the relationship between perceived academic performance and negative peer influence. There is also statistically significant relationship between perceived academic performance and positive peer influence. That means, positive peer influence contribute to female students’ academic achievement. Positive peer pressure has strong association with better academic performance of the secondary and preparatory female students. Positive parents-female adolescent relationship would help to protect female from negative peer pressure. The supervision of school community and parents on controlling the use of mobile phone at school and home would play vital role towards to minimize the negative peer pressure. Open discussion and parental advice and support would help secondary and preparatory female students to cope with negative peer pressure and assisted the students to perform better at school