Determinants of Small Scale Irrigation Use and Its Implication on Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidences from Bogena River Catchment in Awabel District, East Gojjam, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Small scale irrigation strategy is important to reducing risks associated with both rainfall variability, production of different crops twice or three times within a year, increasing income of rural farm-households and also reduce the poverty status of farm household. The study was conducted in East Gojjam, Awabel District on Sekute Enegatera kebele. The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of small scale irrigation use and its implication on poverty reduction. The required data set for the study were gathered primarily through survey method from 168 randomly selected sample households both from irrigation users and non-users (84 for each). To collect the required data several methods like interview schedule, focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used. The secondary data was collected from various documents. Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics (chisquare and independent t-test) and econometric model analysis were used to analyze quantitative data. As the binary logistic regression model result indicates, Eight variables were found to be significant namely Age, access to training on irrigation, access to credit, land holding size, family labor force, Market access and oxen ownership had significant and positive effect on the use of irrigation water at less than 5% probability level. While, distance from the river and terrain of farming land had significant and negative effect on the use of irrigation water at 5% and 10% significant level. Access to irrigation increases the opportunity for crop intensity and diversification, increase employment opportunity, reduce indebtedness, improve household income and reduce household poverty. In the study area the poverty gap of non-user was higher than that of irrigation user. Governmental and nongovernmental organizations should give emphasis on provision of training to create awareness and skill about benefit gained from irrigation, irrigation technologies and also how to increases their access to use irrigation water in the study area. Keywords: Small Scale irrigation, poverty Reduction and Logit model



Small Scale irrigation, poverty Reduction and Logit model