An Assessment of Fomal Tvet Programmes for Self-Employment in Selected Occupational Fields of Government Colleges in Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to assess fonnal TVET programmes for self-employment in selected occupational fields of govel'11ment colleges in Addis Ababa. The study used a descriptive survey method to assess five govel'11ment TVET colleges in Addis Ababa. The subject of the study were 396 trainees, 65 vocational trainers, 15 entrepreneurship trainers, two deans, and the deputy head of formal TVET in Addis Ababa. Accordingly, the respondents sampling was carried out thorough stratified, purposive, and availability sampling techniques. The data was obtained from these sample respondents through questionnaires, interviews, and observation of actual setting and document analysis. The collected data were analyzed using percentage and frequency counts, weighted mean, F-test, and chi-square. The outcome of the data analysis revealed that trainees were assigned based on their high school results, and those with the best academic results are prioritized in keeping trainees' choice of occupational interest for the programmes. As the finding revealed, the selection and placement of trainees did not consistence with self-employment as an intended outcome. Besides, trainees did not acquire adequate vocational and entrepreneurial skills needed self-employment from the TVET colleges. As the results identified, start-up and follow-up support, and organizing trainees as a group to establish enterprise were the most significant self-employment supports needed by trainees to become self-employed. However, the status of TVET colleges in facilitating the selfemployment supports was weak. Based on this, improvement in placement of trainees; improvement in the relevance of the training programmes, and strengthening TVET institutions to facilitate start-up and follow-up supports were the majority of respondents' possible suggestions that formal TVET programmes for self-employment as intended au tcome in Addis Ababa. On the top of this, it is clear that there are limits to what can be achieved th1'Ough training. However, delivering the training alone is not sufficient by itself for successful self-employment programs. Therefore, it recommended tlwt more attention be paid to the selection and placement of those with the needs (lnd aspirations by creating a mechanism for TVET as a early career option for self-employment, delivering quality training though the provision of marketable skills with adequate entrepreneurial competencies, and facilitating access to self-employment opportil11ities.



Fomal Tvet Programmes for Self-Employment