Spatial Variation in the Awareness and Knowledge of Hiv/Aids Between Rural and Urban Areas in the Amhara Region The Case of Metema Woreda

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Addis Ababa University


The major objective of this study was to explore whether there is a significant variation in knowledge of HIV/AIDS among rural and urban residents of Metema woreda. An attempt was also made to examine knowledge on HIV/AID in relation to some selected background characteristics: sex, age, marital status, educational level and religion using percentage and Chi-square test. The dependent variables were tested against independent variables sex, age, educational level marital status and religion were used as useful variables for both sample areas separately. Four hundred seventy five randomly selected respondents participated in the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Misconceptions of the mode of HIV transmission were higher among rural respondents than among urban respondents (47%) of rural respondents(22 percent of the males 25 percent of the females) believed that HIV can be transmitted through kissing whereas only (11.4 %) of urban respondents (5.5 percent of the males and 5.9 percent of the females believed that HIV can be transmitted by kissing.(85%) of rural participants (Thirty five of the males and 50 percent of the females) mentioned that HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bits whereas only (4.4%)of urban respondents) (2.4 percent of the males and 2.0 percent), of the females mentioned that HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites. To see the clear awareness and knowledge variation between rural and urban head of households about HIV/AIDS, Chi-square test was carried out. For the question” can AIDS be cured”? “ Can a healthy looking person have HIV/AIDS”? and “Have you ever used condom” the Chisquare result shows P< 0.001. The study revealed that rural respondents had no easy access to condom. As a result they were the least user of it. Recommendations were forwarded that may enhance knowledge of HIV/AIDS and bring about behavioral changes among the study population. Educational variation, exposure to mass media and place of residence are the major factors that contribute to the variation in knowledge about HIV/AIDS between rural and urban head of households



Geography and Environmental Studies